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The Air National Guard (ANG), also known as the Air Guard, is a federal military reserve force as well as the militia air force of each U. state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories of Guam and the U. When Air National Guard units are used under the jurisdiction of the state governor they are fulfilling their militia role. It, along with each state's, district's, commonwealth's or territory's Army National Guard component, makes up the National Guard of each state and the districts, commonwealths and territories as applicable.

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In addition, the 131st Fighter Wing of the Missouri Air National Guard transitioned from flying the F-15C/D Eagle at St.

Louis International Airport/Lambert Field Air National Guard Station to the B-2 Spirit at Whiteman AFB as an "Associate" unit of the Regular Air Force's 509th Bomb Wing and was re-designated as the 131st Bomb Wing. Schwartz, the then-Chief of Staff of the Air Force, defended cutting nearly twice as many service members from the Air National Guard and the Air Force Reserve as from the active duty Regular Air Force in order to maintain the service's surge and rotational capabilities in the Active Component. As state militia units, the units in the Air National Guard are not in the normal United States Air Force chain of command. However, National Guard aviation emerged before World War I with aviation units in Army National Guard organizations.

These proposals were eventually overruled and cancelled by the U. They are under the jurisdiction of the United States National Guard Bureau unless they are federalized by order of the President of the United States. The Air National Guard was officially established in law as a separate reserve component on 18 September 1947, concurrent with the establishment of the U. In April 1908, a group of enthusiasts organized an "aeronautical corps" at the Park Avenue Armory in New York City to learn ballooning.

The Air National Guard Readiness Center, a field operating center of the United States Air Force at Joint Base Andrews, Maryland, performs operational and technical functions to ensure combat readiness of Air National Guard units and is a channel of communication between the Air Force and the National Guard Bureau regarding readiness and operations. Army, it was only natural that a separate Air National Guard would be established with the divestiture of the former U. Army Air Forces and its establishment as a separate and independent U. They were members of the 1st Company, Signal Corps, New York National Guard.

The vast majority of ANG units fall under either ACC or AMC. Code, the Air National Guard is part of the state National Guard and is divided up into units stationed in each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the two U. When not in a "federal" status, the Air National Guard operates under their respective state, commonwealth or territorial governor.

However, there remain a few exceptions, such as the Alaska ANG, Hawaii ANG and Guam ANG, whose CAF and MAF units are operationally gained by Pacific Air Forces (PACAF), while a smaller number of ANG units in CONUS are operationally gained by Air Education and Training Command (AETC), Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC), Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC), Air Force Space Command (AFSPC), and United States Air Forces in Europe - Air Forces Africa (USAFE-AFAFRICA). The exception to this rule is the District of Columbia Air National Guard (DC ANG).

ANG units of the Combat Air Forces (CAF) based in the Continental United States (CONUS), plus a single air control squadron of the Puerto Rico ANG, are gained by the Air Combat Command (ACC).

CONUS-based ANG units in the Mobility Air Forces (MAF), plus the Puerto Rico ANG's airlift wing and the Virgin Islands ANG's civil engineering squadron are gained by the Air Mobility Command (AMC). Each state, the District of Columbia and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico have at least one Air National Guard wing level unit with a flying mission, while the Air National Guard in Guam and the U. Virgin Islands are strictly non-flying support organizations at the group or squadron level.

The President may also call up members and units of the Air National Guard using a process called "federalization", with the consent of state governors or equivalents, to repel invasion, suppress rebellion, or execute federal laws if the United States or any of its states or territories are invaded or is in danger of invasion by a foreign nation, or if there is a rebellion or danger of a rebellion against the authority of the federal government, or if the president is unable to execute the laws of the United States with the regular armed forces.

The United States Air National Guard has about 110,000 men and women in service.

Like the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC), the ANG is often described as a "reserve" force of "part-time airmen," although the demands of maintaining modern aircraft mean that many AFRC and ANG members work full-time, either as full-time Air Reserve Technicians (ART) or Active Guard and Reserve (AGR) personnel.

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